Cholam (sorghum) is one of the food item that belongs to both vegetables and grains rich in starch, protein and fibre. Cholam is known as Jonna in Telugu, Jowar in Hindi and Sorghum in English. It is one of the traditional food items that are assumed all over India. The use of Cholam in food is traced to be come to exist before 1000 years.
Many peoples of this present era doesn’t clearly know or even heard of millet and there lies much less understanding of the millet and its nutritional benefits. Millets are one of the best secret which our ancestors kept it as our dietary food which we don’t realise about it.
Many peoples of this present era don’t clearly know or even heard of millet and there lies much less understanding of the millet and its nutritional benefits. Millets are one of the best secrets which our ancestors kept it as our dietary food which we don’t realise about it. Barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumantacea) is a wild seed, which is known as Kuthiraivali in Tamil, sanwa in Hindi, oodalu in Kannada, udalu in Telugu is a staple diet for many communities in India. And it is literally known as rice for fasting, as this is widely cooked and eaten during festivals.
Finger Millet or Ragi (Eleusine coracana, a herbaceous plant) is a very old staple grain of India. India is the largest producer of Ragi in the world accounts for about 58% of total world’s Ragi production. Not all but very few Indians had known about its nutritional value and its benefits. But now, we can see lot of interest among people in ancient grains these days.
At present we are in an era, where we in a situation to isolate some amount of money for medications. Our ancient medications are not only subjected to treat the disease, they also tried to destroy it. So the basic aspects to cure diseases or prevent us from disease starts from our food items.
Thinai which is called as Foxtail or Italian millet (setaria italica) is one of the staple food among Indians. Thinai is the most cultivated grain in the world whereas China is at the top and India is ranked 2nd. In ancient times, thinai is the first crop which was the man-made cereal. Like other millets, Thinai is cultivated and used as food item from the early Sangam period. Thinai is dedicated to Lord Murugan portraying it as divine food.
We can see there is lack of knowledge about the cereals and small grains among young generations. With this, varagu is one among those forgotten small grains. The scientific name of Paspalum Scrobiculatom and it is called Koden in Hindi, Varagu in Tamil, Arikelu in Telugu, Coverage in Malayalam and Arka in Kannada.