Kambu it is called as Pearl Millet and Bajjra in Hindi, they most widely grown millet plant. Pearl millet marks as a most grown millet of its millet type in Africa and Indian sub-continent from ancient times. India is the largest producer of Kambu throughout the world and it accounts for about 50% of the total world’s Pearl millet production.
Finger Millet or Ragi (Eleusine coracana, a herbaceous plant) is a very old staple grain of India. India is the largest producer of Ragi in the world accounts for about 58% of total world’s Ragi production. Not all but very few Indians had known about its nutritional value and its benefits.
Thinai which is called as Foxtail or Italian millet (setaria italica) is one of the staple food among Indians. Thinai is the most cultivated grain in the world whereas China is at the top and India is ranked 2nd. In ancient times, thinai is the first crop which was the man-made cereal. Like other millets, Thinai is cultivated and used as food item from the early Sangam period. Thinai is dedicated to Lord Murugan portraying it as divine food.
We can see there is lack of knowledge about the cereals and small grains among young generations. With this, varagu is one among those forgotten small grains. The scientific name of Paspalum Scrobiculatom and it is called Koden in Hindi, Varagu in Tamil, Arikelu in Telugu, Coverage in Malayalam and Arka in Kannada.